Specialized tours enrich travel

By Rick Steves
Appears in the Online Edition, December 2018.

Guided food tours provide thoughtful explanations of the authentic foods we travel so far to taste.
When I arrive in a new city, I book a private guide straightaway -- someone who can bring the architecture, history and culture to life. Lately, in the spirit of experiential sightseeing, I've been taking specialized tours that highlight unique, local experiences or historical themes. Particularly in big cities, I've found all kinds of focused tours, from guided night walks to musical pub crawls.

One of the most popular sightseeing trends is food tours, which reward travelers with edible memories. For about $100, you can eat your way through a few neighborhoods in a few hours, while an expert explains the history and tradition behind each dish. Some tours involve standing and sharing a plate of little bites, while others feature a series of sit-down dishes. All fill you up and work as a meal and tour in one (making the expense easier to swallow).

Unsurprisingly, my latest food tour in Paris was a delicious mix of culinary enlightenment and carbs. My guide taught me how to scrutinize and savor baguettes, croissants and cheese, and how to appreciate the French as expert eaters. More adventurous foodies should seek out food tours in unlikelier places. For example, Poland's bigger cities -- particularly Warsaw -- offer fascinating and flavorful food tours with a focus on vodka, fermenting techniques (for dishes like borscht), and hardy stews that originated in the country's peasant past. These tours provide valuable perspective on how food affects culture, and vice versa.

To work off the food-tour calories, consider a bike tour. Some cities lend themselves well to cycling -- and flat Copenhagen is the best of any. You'll get to know the lay of the land efficiently, accompanied by a fun and opinionated Dane, and you'll likely stumble upon charming corners of the Danish capital that many travelers miss. You also get a sense for local daily life, as many Danes regularly commute by bike, and stop at a few important sights (my tour finished at that must-see lady on the rock, the Little Mermaid statue).

If hard-hitting history is more to your liking, it's well worth spending an afternoon on a tour led by academics with a passion for a specific historical era, political figure or artistic movement. In Barcelona, I like historian and author Nick Lloyd's deep dive into the Spanish Civil War. Both he and his partner are enthusiastic teachers, taking small groups on highly regarded walks through the Old Town to explain the war's social context and significance in Barcelona.

Context in artwork is also much easier to absorb with a guide at your side. During my latest visit to the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam, I was inspired by the local art historian who led my tour. I was better able to appreciate Johannes Vermeer's 17th-century "intimate genre" paintings, which focus on domestic interiors -- unique in a time when artists were normally supported by lofty patrons. During the Dutch Golden Age of the 1600s, trading ships roamed the globe and made Amsterdam wealthy. No longer ruled by the Habsburg king or obedient to the pope, the Dutch were a Protestant republic -- fiercely independent and proud. Even without relying on the typical nobles, kings and Catholic Church as patrons, Dutch artists still did just fine.

Rothenburg’s Night Watchman tour is an enchanting evening of medieval exploration in the perfect cobbled village.
For a fresh perspective on daytime sightseeing, try a night walk. One of my favorites is Rothenburg's Night Watchman tour -- it's flat-out the most entertaining hour of medieval wonder anywhere in Germany. The Night Watchman jokes like a medieval John Cleese as he lights his lamp and leads visitors on his rounds, telling slice-of-gritty-life tales of medieval Rothenburg. It's more than just a historical walking tour -- it's delightful evening entertainment.

Ghost walks are also popular in many cities with an old-timey core, and provide local lore and color. While many have a reputation for being goofy, I do enjoy the ones in York, England. If any city can claim to be legitimately haunted, it's York. On any given evening, the old-town center is crawling with creepy, black-clad characters leading wide-eyed groups of tourists around. There are generally three styles of walks here: historic, street theater and storytelling -- all with engaging tales of history, violence and mayhem.

And in Dublin, I like to spend an evening on a Musical Pub Crawl, getting a (literal) taste of local culture. A few Dubliner musicians meet each group in a pub and, over the course of the evening (and several pints of beer), lead you on a crawl through three pubs. Along the way, they explain and demonstrate their traditional Irish instruments, providing an educational foundation for Irish music appreciation (and usually a nice Guinness buzz).

There's a tour for practically every curiosity and attention span. Pick your topic, take advantage of local expertise, and enjoy Europe's most intimate cultural experiences.

(Rick Steves (www.ricksteves.com) writes European travel guidebooks and hosts travel shows on public television and public radio. Email him at rick@ricksteves.com and follow his blog on Facebook.)