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Of the large numbers of migrants overwhelming many European countries in 2015, many are escaping wars and violence in Africa and the Middle East. The greatest numbers of asylum seekers are fleeing from Syria, but many are emigrating from Afghanistan, Eritrea, Nigeria and Somalia.

In 2015, Frontex, the European Union’s border service, detected more than 340,000 migrants crossing into Europe through August, with many more undetected. Within that same period in 2014, the number was estimated at 123,500. 

In addition to the migrants who have successfully entered Europe, at least...


In northeastern China, a massive explosion at a chemical-storage facility at the port of Tianjin on Aug. 12 killed at least 139 people and injured more than 700, with at least 34 people still missing as of press time. Many of those killed, injured or missing were firefighters. The blast, which had the strength of 21 metric tonnes of TNT, damaged at least 17,000 homes and displaced more than 6,000 people. 

As a precaution, people living within three kilometers of the site were evacuated due to there having been the poison sodium cyanide in the warehouse. Post explosion, monitors...


A bomb set off at the Erawan Hindu shrine in Bangkok, Thailand, on Aug. 17 killed at least 20 people and injured 125. Tourists, mostly from Southeast Asian countries and China, were among the dead and injured. A suspect was identified via security footage, but, as of press time, no motive had been determined for the attack. 

The shrine, built in the 1950s, contains a 4-faced golden statue of the god Brahma, known locally as Than Tao Mahaprom. Among tourists, it is one of the most popular religious sites in Bangkok. 

Thai authorities have arrested two suspects in relation to...


On a train traveling from Amsterdam to Paris on Aug. 21, a man armed with an AK-47, a pistol and a box cutter attacked passengers. A Franco-British man suffered a bullet wound, an American tourist suffered multiple stab wounds and a British tourist received minor injuries.

The attacker was identified as a Moroccan man who intelligence agencies already knew was supportive of the so-called Islamic State. Three American tourists and one British tourist restrained him on the train until authorities arrested him at the station in Arras, France.

The gunman’s lawyer said that the...


More than 300,000 members of the Patel caste in the westernmost Indian state of Gujarat participated in protests, which started peacefully on Aug. 25 but became violent over the following two days, leading to the deaths of at least eight people, with many more injured. At least one of the dead and 12 of the injured were police officers.

The Patel protesters, part of a traditionally middle-class caste, were rallying against caste quotas, which they perceive as discriminating against them in favor of lower castes.

The protests became violent after police arrested the group’s...


At least 20 people were killed in Nepal in August and September during protests against the proposed final constitution, including four people killed on Sept. 1 by police, who accused the protesters of attacking them with guns and knives. The Nepalese government has worked under an interim constitution since the monarchy was dissolved in 2008. 

Minority groups oppose the border lines drawn for the federal states created by the constitution, believing the new states will leave them marginalized. Hindu groups have also protested, demanding that Nepal become a Hindu state; under the...


Three members of the National Guard were killed and more than 100 people were injured when violence erupted outside Ukraine’s Parliament building on Aug. 31 after a majority of members of Parliament showed support for a bill that would grant the eastern Ukrainian regions of Luhansk and Donetsk more autonomy.

Members of the Ukrainian nationalist groups Radical Party and Svoboda, at the Parliament building protesting the bill, attacked riot police with their own, stolen equipment and explosives, including at least one grenade. Witnesses said that members of Svoboda were responsible...


In Sévaré, Mali, on Aug. 7, suspected Islamist militants attacked a hotel used by UN peacekeepers, killing a number of people and taking hostages. No group has claimed responsibility for the attack. The militants had first attacked a nearby military base, with no deaths reported. 

Malian troops stormed the hotel on Aug. 8, freeing the hostages. In total, 13 people were killed, including five UN peacekeepers.

Back in January 2012, Islamist and Tuareg groups staged an uprising in Mali, taking control of much of the northern portion of the country, known as Azawad. French and...



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