News Watch

The Turkish military pushed into northwestern Syria on Oct. 9, attacking towns and military positions held by Kurdish fighters. As of press time, in clashes between the two groups, at least 259 Kurdish fighters, 196 Turkey-backed Syrian rebels and seven Turkish soldiers had been killed, along with 120 civilians. Human rights groups accused Turkey of using banned chemical weapons, including white phosphorus and napalm, during their military incursion.

For years, the border between...

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In Iraq, at least 74 people were killed and at least 3,500 were wounded in violent antigovernment protests on Oct. 26 and 27. Before that weekend, protesters had enacted a 2-week break in order to allow the government to respond to their demands for reform. However, when demands were not met, they returned to the streets.

In the city of Karbala, at least 18 people were killed in clashes with security forces on Oct. 28 as protesters broke a curfew in that city. Protesters in Baghdad...

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Protests over rising costs in Chile began on Oct. 6 and were ongoing at press time. Violence broke out between protesters and police, resulting in the arrests of more than 6,000 people. At least 20 people were reported to have been killed, many in fires set during looting.

The protests began over a proposed increase to public transit fees, but after that proposal was retracted, they continued, now against economic inequality. Chile has one of the highest levels of economic inequality...

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Protests in Lebanon that began in mid-October against a proposed tax on messages sent on the WhatsApp phone app turned into larger antigovernment protests after that tax plan was scrapped.

Protesters have demanded governmental reforms, including reshaping how the government is organized. Currently, government officials are each appointed based on their religion or sect, a practice put in place to ensure that all of the religious minorities in Lebanon have representation. However,...

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Ongoing pro-independence protests began in the provinces of Catalonia, Spain, on Oct. 14 after Spain’s Supreme Court ordered the imprisonment of independence leaders on the charge of sedition. The size of the protests forced a number of trains and airlines to cancel some services to the area.

Protests occasionally have become violent, with clashes between police and counter-protesters reported. Fires have also been set, and on Oct. 15, protesters attempted to storm government...

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A bomb was detonated in a mosque in eastern Afghanistan on Oct. 18. Immediately after the blast, the roof caved in, causing further casualties. The incident killed at least 62 people and injured 36. No group has claimed responsibility for the bombing. Islamist militant groups Daesh (ISIL) and the Taliban are both active in the area.

The bombing occurred after the United Nations released a statement saying that at least 1,174 civilians had been killed in Afghanistan from July through...

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On Oct. 7, a man intentionally drove a semi-trailer truck into a line of cars stopped at an intersection in Limburg, Germany, injuring seven people. The incident is being described by German police as an act of terrorism. The driver of the truck was identified as a Syrian national who had been living in Germany since 2015.

A German gunman attacked a synagogue and a kabob shop in Halle, Germany, on Oct. 9, the day of the Jewish holiday of Yom Kippur, killing two people and injuring two...

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In Pakistan, at least 74 people were killed on Oct. 31 when a fire broke out on a passenger train traveling from Karachi, in the south, to Rawalpindi, in the far north. An additional 40 people were injured. Officials reported that at least some passengers were killed when they jumped from the burning carriages while the train was still in motion.

The fire was caused by the explosion of a passenger’s cooking gas canister being used to make breakfast, and it quickly spread to two...

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