Flare-up in Kashmir, India

This item appears on page 18 of the April 2019 issue.

More than 40 Indian soldiers were killed in the Pulwama district of India-administered Kashmir on Feb. 14 when a car filled with explosives struck their bus. Islamist militant group Jaish-e Mohammad, based in neighboring Pakistan, claimed responsibility for the attack.

On Feb. 18, nine people, including four soldiers and one civilian, were killed when Indian armed forces engaged in a gun battle with militants in Pulwama.

On Feb. 26, Indian jets targeted a camp inside of Pakistan believed to be a training facility for Jaish-e Mohammad before being turned back by Pakistani jets. It was the first cross-border air strike since a war between the two countries in 1971.

After Pakistani jets entered Indian air space on Feb. 27, Indian jets pursued them back over the border of Pakistan, where, according to Indian officials, an Indian jet was shot down and the pilot taken prisoner, although Pakistan claims it downed two jets. The pilot was returned to India on March 1.

India has accused Pakistan of allowing Jaish-e Mohammad to operate uncontested in Kashmir and suggested that its government has encouraged attacks on India. Pakistan has denied both accusations. The Kashmir region is hotly contested between India and Pakistan and has been the site of a number of conflicts between Pakistan and India since the partition of India in 1947.