The State Department warns of the risks of terrorist activity in the central and western portions of the southern Philippine island of Mindanao as well as in the Sulu Archipelago. An Oct. 10 bus bombing in Mindanao claimed 10 lives. Attacks could also occur in other areas, including Manila.
Kidnap-for-ransom gangs are active throughout the Philippines and have targeted foreigners.
A state of emergency declared on Nov. 24, 2009 (following election-related violence), for the provinces of Maguindanao and Sultan Kudarat as well as for Cotobato City is still in effect, with heightened police and military presence in these areas.